mtransfer#

mtransfer allows WiredTiger databases to be exported from one MongoDB instance and imported into another.

Caveats#

The mtransfer script is EXPERIMENTAL and has a number of important usage caveats:

  • MongoDB must be started with the --directoryperdb flag.

  • mtransfer does not work with sharding, the encrypted storage engine, or MMAPv1 data files.

  • To export or import a database, MongoDB must not be running using either the source or destination database paths.

  • A database must be imported to all nodes in a replica set or query results will be inconsistent.

  • A database cannot be imported to any node in the replica set it was exported from. Collections have unique identifiers, and this would violate that uniqueness.

  • mtransfer currently only supports database files compressed with the default snappy library.

While there are some sanity checks built into the script, manipulating MongoDB files directly is inherently dangerous. Take care to test and backup your data.

Installation#

The mtransfer script requires the wiredtiger Python library which is currently not installed by default with mtools.

The wiredtiger library can be installed via pip or built from source, but in either case requires:

  • A C compiler.

  • The snappy and zlib development packages installed.

To install via pip use either of:

pip install mtools[mtransfer]
pip install wiredtiger

If you are encountering errors using or installing the wiredtiger module via pip, you may need to Build and install WiredTiger from source.

Usage#

mtransfer [-h] [--version] [--verbose] [--dbpath DBPATH]
                  {export,import} database

General Parameters#

Help#

-h, --help

shows the help text and exits.

Version#

--version

shows the version number and exits.

Verbosity#

--verbose

shows extra information

Commands#

mtransfer reads or writes the data files in a MongoDB instance using the WiredTiger storage engine.

Database Path#

--dbpath path the path to the MongoDB database files (defaults to the current working directory where the script is run).

Command#

export creates a file mtransfer.bson in the specified database directory. This must be copied along with the other files in the directory to the destination server(s).

import reads the mtransfer.bson file from the specified database directory and updates MongoDB’s metadata to include the database.

Database#

The name of the database to export / import. The MongoDB database name must match the directory name on disk for the export, and the MongoDB database name will be set to the directory name for the import.

Example Database Transfer and Rename#

On the origin server#

Before starting, ensure MongoDB is not running.

  1. Change into the origin directory and create ‘olddb/mtransfer.bson’ with exported metadata:

cd /from/dbpath
mtransfer export olddb
  1. Copy the database files to the destination

rsync -av olddb destination:/to/dbpath

On the destination server#

Before starting, ensure MongoDB is not running.

  1. Rename the database directory (optional)

cd /to/dbpath
mv olddb newdb
  1. Import the database (with the new name, if renamed)

mtransfer import newdb
  1. Start mongod and confirm the transferred database is now available.

Disclaimer#

This software is not supported by MongoDB, Inc. under any of their commercial support subscriptions or otherwise. Any usage of mtools is at your own risk. Bug reports, feature requests and questions can be posted in the Issues section on GitHub.